It came to my attention that anyone who mentioned my name on social media was told that I was a 5G denier by the Steele brothers, so I find it necessary to rejoin YT and to set the record straight.

The following are screen shots of some of the replies from one of the Steele brothers, Graham.

Here is proof that the brothers have technology on sale on the Israeli Homeland Security website.

And here is proof that they also have the same merchandise for sale on UK Defence Supplies who are openly affiliated to InnovateUK who are behind 5G technology.


Bristol is Open,  is a joint venture between Bristol City Council and the University of Bristol. This has resulted in a Smart City Research and Development network platform of multiple communications technologies installed around the city.

The city council, along with the Knowle West Media Centre and Ideas for Change, launched a programme called The Bristol Approach.

The city is focusing on the development of smart districts, where a more holistic view can be taken across issues like transport, energy, housing, and the potential use of new technologies and better data. One of the EU-funded programme such as REPLICATE is delivering just an integrated smart district in the east of the city.

Full Article:


5G Technology Truth Dangers exposed bySenator Patrick Colbeck of Michigan!

Posted by Matt Landman on Sunday, 9 September 2018

Updated: 11th June, 2018

5G is still over a year away from commercial availability and in preparation Ofcom has auctioned off additional spectrum that will be ideal for the next generation of mobile networks, with another auction planned for a later date.

​We’ve put together a guide to everything you need to know about the 5G auctions, from what frequencies have been and are being sold off, to how much each network has won and more. More information about the specifics of the different frequencies can be found in our guide to 5G Frequencies in the UK.

5G Spectrum Auction Results Summary (5th April, 2018)

Operator 2.3Ghz Spectrum Won  3.4GHz Spectrum Won
O2 40Mhz 40Mhz
Vodafone Nil 50MHz
EE Nil 40MHz
Three Nil 20MHz
Note: The 3.4GHz spectrum band here actually refers to spectrum ranging from 3.4GHz – 3.6GHz, with different operators acquiring spectrum across different parts of the band. Below we’ll detail exactly what spectrum each network acquired.

Ofcom’s first 5G spectrum auction was completed in April 2018, with EE, O2, Vodafone and Three all winning some spectrum.

O2 acquired the most, winning all 40MHz of the 2.3GHz spectrum that was being auctioned (paying £205,896,000), as well as 40MHz of 3.4GHz spectrum (for which it paid £317,720,000). Its 40MHz of 3.4GHz spectrum covered the 3500MHz – 3540MHz part of the band.

Vodafone meanwhile won 50MHz of 3.4GHz spectrum, paying £378,240,000, specifically acquiring the 3410MHz – 3460MHz part of the band.

EE paid £302,592,000 for 40MHz of 3.4GHz spectrum (covering 3540MHz – 3580MHz), and Three acquired the least, paying £151,296,000 for 20MHz of 3.4GHz spectrum, specifically the 3460MHz – 3480MHz range. However, the network already held 40MHz of 3.4GHz spectrum (specifically 3480MHz – 3500MHz and 3580MHz – 3600MHz).

In total, Ofcom auctioned 190MHz of high capacity spectrum in the 2.3GHz and 3.4GHz bands, comprising 40MHz in the 2.3GHz band and 150MHz in the 3.4GHz band.

That amount is equivalent to roughly three-quarters of the spectrum auctioned by Ofcom at the 4G spectrum auction in 2013 and will increase the spectrum available for mobile devices by nearly a third. Spectrum in these bands is well suited to 5G, as it can carry large amounts of data.

What will the auctioned spectrum be used for?

The 2.3GHz spectrum will be available for immediate use by operators to provide extra capacity for their existing networks. The band is already supported by mobile devices from the likes of Apple and Samsung.

The 3.4GHz spectrum is not compatible with most current devices and will be used for the rollout of 5G networks. It has been identified as central to 5G rollout across Europe.

Post Auction Operator Spectrum Holdings (4G and 5G)

Operator Immediately useable 3.4GHz Held  Total Spectrum Held
EE 255MHz 40MHz 295MHz
Vodafone 176MHz 50Mhz 226MHz
O2 126MHz 40MHz 166MHz
Three 90MHz 60MHz (40MHz of which was already held) 150MHz
Note: Three also holds 84MHz of 5G spectrum (for future use subject to relocation by Ofcom) of the 3.6GHz and 3.8GHz the company purchased from UK Broadband back in 2017.

The 5G spectrum auction results leave EE in the strongest position, despite it not acquiring as much spectrum as O2 or Vodafone, as it already had so much more than rivals.

It had 255MHz before the auction and its total now is 295MHz, as it won 40MHz of the 3.4GHz band – though this new spectrum won’t be immediately useable.

Vodafone has the second most, just as it did before the auction. Previously it had 176Mhz and now, having won 50MHz of 3.4GHz spectrum, it has 226MHz – though as with EE, the new spectrum isn’t immediately useable.

O2 was the big auction winner but still only has the third most spectrum overall. That’s an improvement though, as it was in last place with 86MHz and it now has 166Mhz (thanks to having purchased 40MHz of 2.3GHz spectrum and 40MHz of 3.4GHz spectrum), with 126Mhz of that being immediately useable, so it’s the only network that could immediately benefit from the auction results.

Three on the other hand has arguably gone from third place to last in spectrum holdings. It previously had 130Mhz of spectrum (of which 90MHz was immediately useable) and now has 150Mhz, having purchased just 20Mhz of 3.4GHz spectrum – and none of that new spectrum can be used on its 4G network.

It’s a surprising result from Three, which had campaigned hard for a 30% cap on the amount of spectrum each network could have, and which we’d have thought would be looking to make up for having its takeover of O2 blocked.

Having said that, it’s worth noting that thanks to its takeover of UK Broadband Three has more spectrum that’s ideally suited to 5G than any other network, and once the final 84MHz of that is relocated by Ofcom it will actually have 234MHz of spectrum, putting it in second place for spectrum holdings overall. That network claims that this makes it the best placed network in the UK for early 5G leadership.

The upshot is that all the networks now have more spectrum than they did, and all now look a lot more prepared for 5G, but while O2’s position has been solidified, Three’s has been weakened.

What spectrum is still to auctioned?

At a separate auction, Ofcom plans to auction 116Mhz of spectrum in the even higher bandwidth 3.6GHz – 3.8GHz bands, as well as in the 700MHz band.

There may yet be additional auctions beyond this, as Ofcom has identified the 26GHz band (24.25-27.5GHz) as the next priority for global harmonisation, which, along with the 37-43.5 and 66-71GHz bands, it plans to put forward for use at WRC-19 (World Radiocommunications Conference 2019). That doesn’t take place until late October 2019, so don’t expect any auctions for that spectrum until sometime after that, if at all.

What was the spectrum previously used for?

The 2.3GHz – 3.4GHz spectrum was previously used by the Ministry of Defence, but has been freed up by the government to make it available for civil uses. This is part of a wider government initiative to release or share 500MHz of spectrum for civilian use by 2020.

Some 3.4GHz spectrum is used for 4G wireless broadband, such as by Relish in London, which is now owned by Three following its acquisition of UK Broadband.

The spectrum in the 3.6GHz – 3.8GHz bands is partially in use by fixed links and satellite services, but Ofcom is aiming to auction off unused spectrum in those bands, hopefully without impacting those services.

The 700MHz band is used by Freeview television and wireless microphones. The government has contributed £500-600 million to clearing the spectrum, a process which began in March 2017 with the reconfiguration of a digital terrestrial television (DTT) transmitter in Selkirk. There’s a lot to be done to move DTT to the 470-690MHz spectrum and making alterative spectrum available for wireless microphones.

When will further auctions be held?

The 3.6GHz – 3.8GHz and 700MHz band auctions are currently expected to take place in 2020. Any auctions for other spectrum will happen sometime after that, but there’s no news on when yet.

2017 auction rules

Ofcom published its final rules for the 2.3GHz and 3.4GHz auction in July 2017, designed to reflect recent market developments and safeguard competition now and in the future.

The rules imposed two restrictions on bidders to limit the amount of spectrum dominant operators could win:

  • No operator would be able to hold more than 255MHz of immediately usable spectrum, i.e. in the 2.3GHz band, following the auction.
  • No operator would be able to hold more than 340MHz of the total amount of spectrum following the auction, equivalent to 37% of all the mobile spectrum that is expected to be useable in 2020. This includes spectrum available in the completed auction and in the 700MHz band.

By imposing a cap on the overall amount of spectrum Ofcom hoped to satisfy competition concerns while enabling all operators to develop 5G services, hence there was no limit on the amount of 3.4GHz spectrum a company can hold.

Ofcom wasn’t proposing any coverage obligations on the winning bidders like it did with the 4G auction in 2013. That’s because the provision of these latest frequencies is more about boosting network capacity than expanding network coverage.

What did the caps mean for bidders?

The caps meant that EE was not able to bid for spectrum in the 2.3GHz band and was able to win a maximum of 85MHz of 3.4GHz spectrum (though in reality it only came away with 40MHz), as before the auction it had around 45% of the UK’s immediately useable spectrum.

Vodafone was able to win a maximum of 160MHz of spectrum across both bands – a cap it didn’t come close to.

There were no restrictions on the amount of spectrum O2, Three or indeed any other bidder could win.

What did the spectrum cost?

Ofcom auctioned the spectrum in lots, with reserve prices of £10m per 10MHz lot of 2.3GHz spectrum and £1m for a 5MHz block in the 3.4GHz band. This gave a total reserve price of £70m for the total 190MHz of spectrum that was auctioned.

In practice, the costs went a lot higher than that. As noted above, O2 paid £205,896,000 for 40MHz of 2.3GHz spectrum, and 317,720,000 for 40MHz of 3.4GHz spectrum.

Vodafone paid £378,240,000 for 50MHz of 3.4GHz spectrum, EE paid £302,592,000 for 40MHz of 3.4GHz spectrum, and Three paid £151,296,000 for 20MHz of 3.4GHz spectrum. The total auction spend across all networks was  £1,355,744,000.

Costs for future spectrum auctions remain to be seen, but expect them to be similarly high.

What will be the rules for future auctions?

The first spectrum auction will be nowhere near enough to satisfy the need for high speed mobile broadband, let alone 5G.

Auctions of further spectrum are currently expected to be held in 2020, and Ofcom won’t publish rules for those until much nearer the time. Those rules will take into account the competitive landscape and spectrum holdings of the operators at that time, and may include further caps on the amount of spectrum operators can win.

However, Ofcom has indicated that licences for 700MHz spectrum to be auctioned will include obligations to ensure improved rural coverage.

What’s next?

All the winners of the 2018 spectrum auction have now been assigned their spectrum and assigned licences, allowing them to start using it. That’s most notable for O2, as it won all the immediately useable 2.3GHz spectrum and can now begin using it with its network. The other networks will likely have to wait for the launch of 5G to start using their winnings.


The West Midlands has been selected to become the innovative home to the UK’s first multi-city 5G test bed. The multi million pound trial of new high speed connectivity will pave the way for the future rollout of 5G across the UK, making the region the first in the UK ready to trial new 5G applications and services at scale.

The Urban Connected Communities Project, the next step in the Government’s 5G Testbed and Trials Programme, will develop a large-scale, 5G pilot across the region, with hubs in Birmingham, Coventry and Wolverhampton.

Up to £50m is currently available for the project, subject to further development and approval of the business plan. This includes £25m from the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport (DCMS) and a further £25m match funding from regional partners. An additional £25m may be made available at a later stage.

Minister for Digital, Margot James said: “5G has the potential to dramatically transform the way we go about our daily lives, and we want the citizens of the UK to be amongst the first to experience all the opportunities and benefits this new technology will bring. The West Midlands Testbed, which is the first of its kind anywhere in the world, will be instrumental in helping us realise this ambition.”

Following its selection through open competition, the West Midlands Combined Authority (WMCA) will now work with the 5G Testbeds and Trials Team at the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport (DCMS) and industry partners on preparing the formal business case for approval, with the first of a series of projects expected to go live early next year.

The West Midlands Combined Authorities bid has an initial focus on the health, construction and automotive sectors, with its overarching ambition to help drive economic growth and benefit people’s lives through participation in new digital technologies and digitally transformed public services.

Subject to formal approval, initial plans include:

  • Hospital outpatient appointments and emergency consultations carried out remotely by video link not subject to droppage or latency barriers. As well as being more convenient for patients, this means they can play back their appointment at a later date or share it securely with a family member or carer to help inform their care.
  • “Connected Ambulances” – Paramedic crews at an incident could access specialist advice while they are at the scene, eg video conferencing with consultants or other clinical specialists. Live streaming of patient data from ambulance en route to hospital would help inform the immediate care patients receive on arrival.
  • Live streaming of CCTV footage from public transport buses, enabling immediate action against anti-social behaviour. “Intelligent cameras” using artificial intelligence (AI) to identify incidents could provide the opportunity for far greater coverage than is possible at present.

Autonomous vehicles will transform the way we travel, preventing major accidents, improving traffic flow and reducing energy consumption. The WMCA will partner with Jaguar Land Rover to facilitate real world testing of driverless cars.

Andy Street, Mayor of the West Midlands, said: “This announcement is game-changing for the West Midlands economy. This will be the backbone of our future economy and society.

We have been working to put the foundations in place to grow the industries which will create the jobs of the future, particularly around driverless vehicles and life sciences where we have a genuine advantage. To deliver the future of these industries we need the power of 5g.

The potential of this technology is endless – and we will enjoy the benefits first. From monitoring the health of babies and the elderly, to the way out people are linked to the economy of the future, the way companies do business, the way we deliver public services, the experience of travellers on public transport and the way we deliver City of Culture and the Commonwealth Games – everything can be made better thanks to the power of this technology.”

DCMS funding for the project will come from the £200 million government has assigned to develop 5G technologies as part of more than £1bn of investment in next-generation digital infrastructure, including via the £31bn National Productivity Investment Fund (NPIF).

The 5G Testbeds and Trials Programme forms part of the Government’s Industrial Strategy, aimed at continually driving the UK’s connectivity, telecommunications and digital sectors, and investing in the skills, industries and infrastructure of the future.


In the late 1990’s the UK government under Tony Blair awarded a contract to the telecomms giant O2, for them to construct a nationwide communications network for the police and emergency services. O2 created a subsidiary company called Airwave to carry out this contract. By 2008 the government had spent in excess of £14,000,000,000 (£14 billion) with Airwave on this contract, with many thousands of masts dedicated to this network being erected across all parts of the UK except Northern Ireland and the Channel Islands.

The technology that Airwave initially chose to install combined microwave frequencies with a secondary modulation frequency. However the first generation of Tetra (which stands for “Terrestrial Trunk Radio”)that Airwave put up interfered with some TV reception. This caused sufficient protest that Airwave quickly switched to another form of the dual-frequency technology. It is this “second-generation” Tetra network that has been set up across the UK since 1999.

In the current form of the UK’s Tetra network, the microwaves are combined with a very low frequency carrier wave. They do this by “modulating the power amplitude”. This is the equivalent of listening to a radio station, and turning the volume up and down as you listen. The 2nd generation Tetra masts combine microwave frequencies with a modulation of the power amplitude at 17.65 hz (1 hertz = 1 hz = 1 cycle per second). This is  a way to enable microwaves to penetrate big thick solid walls.

 Unfortunately it is also a very good way to prevent much of the UK population from getting deep and restful sleep at night. Why? Because when we go to sleep, our brainwave pattern has to get down to 3 hz or less (3 cycles per second or less); really deep sleep may be as low as 1 hz. Our waking state brainwave pattern is roughly between 12 and 25 hz, the “beta” rhythmNow just what happens to the citizens of a country that decides to install masts all across the country, in or near every village and city, broadcasting a high-power and high-amplitude wave pattern which is in the middle of our waking-state brainwave rhythm? The simple answer is that a large portion of that population will suffer badly from inadequate and disturbed sleep patterns, at the very least. But there are many other symptoms that arise. As Jay Griffiths, writing in The Ecologist reported in October 2004:

When a Tetra mast was switched on in Dursley in Gloucestershire people there complained of migraines, sleeplessness, nosebleeds and being ‘shocked awake’ up to 15 times a night. At a school in Littlehampton, Sussex, 11 children had to be sent home on the day that a nearby Tetra mast went live. The children suffered dizziness and, like the residents of Dursley, severe headaches and nosebleeds. (Interestingly, the local community did not know the mast had been switched on, so the children’s reactions could not have been psychosomatic.) At Drumcarrow Hill in Fife a Tetra transmitter has been in operation since the late 1990s. Only about 200 people live around the mast, but there have been at least seven recent cases of cancer and five cases of motor neurone disease (MND) diagnosed in the area over the past five years. (Normally, no more than two people to every 100,000 is diagnosed with MND per year.)

MND is a particularly nasty and fatal degenerative disease. Last year Dr Neil Cherry, former associate professor of environmental health at Lincoln University, died from it, convinced he had contracted MND as a consequence of his long exposure to low-frequency radiation, the potential health hazards of which he researched. Cherry’s work suggests that low-level radiation, and Tetra, could also cause heart and blood problems, interference with bone marrow and tumours.

In October 2003 Airwave erected a Tetra mast a quarter mile from the centre of the village of Tayinloan, on the Kintyre peninsula. Tayinloan (pop. 550) is where the ferry for our island departs from. The mast went live in November 2003, and by the middle of December 2003 there were 5 deaths in the village. These included a couple in their late 40’s, with the wife dying of a brain haemorrhage, and the husband of a heart attack. There are many other such clusters in villages across the UK following Tetra masts being erected nearby.

Simply on the face of it, there would be appear to be grave concerns about subjecting the entire population of a country to such radiation, and that could be described on two main points.

First of all, it is accepted amongst the medical & scientific community that some 5% of the population are what they describe as “electro-magnetically hypersensitive”. For one person in every 20, being subjected to any form of powerful electromagnetic radiation can be very difficult. For example, an English school found that one of their highly regarded History teachers would become immediately ill with headaches etc. as soon as the wireless networking equipment was turned on in his classroom. This case led to the National Union of Teachers raising concerns with the government about the safety of wifi technology.

Not everyone is so badly affected by the technology of course. But this 5% of the general population may be best regarded as akin the canaries that miners used to take down into the mines. The canaries were more sensitive to toxic gases then the men, so if the miners saw that a canary had died, they would quickly get out of the mine, as it was a signal that dangerous levels of gases were building up. We are living in a time when outrageous levels of electromagnetic “pollution” or “electrosmog” are wreaking havoc with the health of the most electro-sensitive people in our midst. We should be giving their concerns and responses to the technology far more attention.

Their responses deserve greater attention for two reasons. First of all, the 5% “electro-magnetically hypersensitive” portion of the population are not actually a different race of homo sapiens: they and we are one people, and what causes illness very quickly in this section of the population, is also likely to cause illness more slowly in the rest of the population.

The second reason we should heed their concerns has to do with a fundamental aspect of the impact of this radiation on our bodies. The key statement to understand is this: that the effects of microwave radiation on tissue are cumulative. That is to say, getting a low-level dose of microwaves constantly over many years, is the equivalent (as far as your body is concerned) of getting that same dose in one short high-level burst. Governments and scientists have known this fact for over 60 years, ever since the first microwave masts went up for the military communications. The engineers performing maintencance on those early masts had a very strong tendency to go blind within the first year of doing their work on those masts. In effect their eyeballs had been slowly cooked by their exposure to the microwaves of the masts they were maintaining. It was these early experiences of the military engineers with this technology that has led to our understanding today that the effects of microwaves on tissue accumulate.

The second main point of grave concern about subjecting the entire population of a country to the Tetra radiation is very simple. If we broadcast a high-amplitude wave pattern across the entire country which has its frequency set right in the middle of our waking-state brainwave pattern, then it stands to reason that some portion of the population are going to have their sleep patterns adversely effected by such exposure. Bear in mind that the Tetra masts do not operate only by day, but are active 24 hours a day throughout the year. It is reasonable to expect that at the very least the 5% who are most sensitive to electro-magnetic radiation are going to feel the impact of this fairly severely; and the evidence points to far more than 5% of the UK population being seriously adversely effected by the Tetra network as implemented by Airwave.

The typical Tetra-induced disturbed sleep pattern is as follows: first they will sleep for about 90 minutes, then wake up. After a short while they get back to sleep again, for roughly another hour, and then wake up. Then after a further interval they get maybe 30 more minutes of sleep, wake up exhausted but unable to get any further sleep.

This pattern becomes more pronounced if the individual is closer to a mast, or is more susceptible to the radiation.

What is a Safe Distance from a Tetra Mast?

This of course raises the obvious question, and unfortunately there is no happy answer. Even 3 miles is certainly not a sufficient distance to allow undisturbed sleep. And on the UK mainland, the odds are that 90% of the population are living within 2 miles of at least 2 or 3 Tetra Masts.

The situation is exacerbated by the way in which the impact of the Tetra masts is increased if you live near the line which could be drawn between two masts. Draw lines on a map of all the Tetra masts in your area, and it ends up looking like a spider’s web, and one which is very difficult to escape from.

For much more information please visit this website:

Garda sergeants and inspectors have called into question the safety of the force’s Tetra radio system, saying some experts have likened using it inside a vehicle or Garda station to “being inside a microwave oven”.

The system was being changed recently into The Emergency Services Network (ESN)The team delivering the new ESN has 2 key private sector partners who are developing and building the new network – the mobile network operator EE, who are building the new infrastructure and Motorola Solutions Inc who are providing the user services.

The ESN project was supposed to replace the Motorola-owned Airwave radio service with a £1.2 billion 4G ESN which will be run by EE. It would also kit out emergency services with 4G-enabled devices ahead of Airwave being switched off by the end of 2019.

According to widespread reports the government is considering the option of an incremental roll-out. Which includes a data-only option where the emergency services retain Airwave for voice and then use 4G for data only.

EE testing the new system is a spate of fires in remote places.




This video has clips from the expert conference on Wireless and Health held at IIAS January 2017. All presentations from this conference are availible at…