Black Jack and June 22nd 

 

The date of 22nd of June of this year will be a very ominous date which I have reason to believe will be used to kick start the Globalists plans using a massive false flag event.

We know that predictive programming has been used in many instances via TV, Films, books, cartoons and even computer games. The following now appears to be pointing to an event that will occur in London and other places on June 22nd 2019 or 2020.

 Operation Blackjack was seemingly a completely random and unusual series of disturbing pictures posted in the Telegraph newspaper depicting a series of Nuclear attacks on major western cities printed in 2009, first beginning in London and then cities such as New York, Washington DC, Los Angeles, Portland, Mexico City and Toronto on the 22nd June. It enabled  the rounding up of people who were openly condemning governments as collaborators.The chaos created civil unrest and the collapse of society.

https://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/culturepicturegalleries/4220575/Blackjack.html?image=1

A panel in the comic shown Cameron in Parliament as PM even before he was elected !

 

(The US claims to have lost at least six atomic bombs or weapons-grade nuclear material since the Cold War.)

The launch day according to the cartoon is the day before on the  21st which is obviously a number that is linked to BlackJack.

With  Roulette  its numbers (1-36) are added up, they equal 666.

 

The clock time stamp of the attack on one one of the slides  is 8.3.29 and UK is scheduled to leave EU at 11pm UK time on Friday, 29 March 2019.

8+3=(11) 2+9=(11)           (11pm) – Brexit on  29th – (11)

A panel in the comic shown Cameron in Parliament as PM even before he was elected !

The numberplate of the van in the cartoon G(XO6)JT     (X)=24 (O)=15 ( 6)    = 666. Or it could mean 6J as in June the 6th month.

September 11 to June 22 = 9 months, 11 days.

Another US TV series  in 2006/2008 called ‘Jericho’ has  the  13th episode as a ‘Black Jack’ story, which is about a nuclear attack in Ohio, there is a bus numbered 622 in which bombs go off.

 Jericho,  was cancelled after the first season, and brought back for half a season under popular pressure. The UK telegraph series appears to  be  a continuation of Jericho.The name of the fairground in Jericho is Black Jack.Which has now become a trading post.                                                                                                        

 In the 13th episode called ‘Black Jack’   the storyline is of  nuclear detonations which go off. On 06/05/18 CBS Re-release the complete series on DVD. (Notice the date 9.11)

 Jericho was the first city to be defeated in the Jewish conquest of Canaan, according to the Bible.

 

During the clean up of  the London Olympic site, a TV program included a lady trying to remove all the stray cats from the site, the last cat was called Black Jack   and was seen scratching her when it was finally caught.

“22/6/2012 Is Dinnertime” Is Predictive programming in another TV series, the Simpsons.

 The Simpsons – “To Surveil With Love” had a “Blackjack episode” and “The Simpsons Versus New York” 9/11 episode  S09E01 has a Production code 4f22.  f = 6, 22 (June 22) Another episode of the Simpsons includes one called ‘The Saga of Carl’ S24 on the 19.5.2013 which is an episode about terrorism, a ticket states the number 319 22 6 9 once again 22.6 is being encoded.

Modern Warfare 3″ (MW3) released 11/8/11 and at” 6/22 attacks were triggered across Europe.

Another series called Revolution is an American post-apocalyptic science fiction television series that ran from September 17, 2012 until May 21, 2014.The show takes place in the post-apocalyptic near-future of the year 2027, which included many Black jack themes set in the town of Bloomsbury, Ohio. All the towns coordinates come to 622. Black Jack is a ringed circus and in Jericho it is a fairground.   

The game can be traced to a number of popular European card games from as far back as the fifteenth century. That’s right around the time when Gutenberg invented the printing press, and cards themselves became popular (and cheap) enough to play games with.( Remember the satanic opening of the tunnel of the same name?)For more information on the history of blackjack, see Arnold Snyder’s Big Book of Blackjack .   

 

 

The first part of the fake Bin Laden assassination was called “Operation Blackjack”. 

Jack Black also starred in a series on TV which began on the 22nd June.

A book written by an ex banker  called Scion of Ikshvaku which was based on war and financial collapse which brought about a new leader in  Ram  is a fantasy book by Indian author Amish Tripathi, released on 22 June 2015. It is based on Ram, the legendary Indian king regarded as an incarnation of Vishnu. The same writer who wrote a trilogy of books on Shiva. 

 

Shiva is the destroyer in Hindu mythology said to destroy the universe every 2,160,000,000 years.  (22.6)

Now bare in mind that both the series Jericho and ‘Black Jack’ have a theme of circus and fairgrounds.

Let us look at the Broadgate Circle Development  in London.https://www.britishland.com/news-and-views/press-releases/2014/18-11-2014a

Broadgate is a large, 32-acre (13 ha) office and retail estate in the City of London, it  was opened by Prince Charles in 1987 and redeveloped in 2015, owned by  British Land and GIC have invested £20 million redeveloping the 45,000 sq ft Broadgate Circle. British land  includes members of BAE, Goldman Sachs, Govt, Cabinet ministers,, Pepsi, Army and bankers. British Land and US fund Blackstone, who each own 50% of the 4.4 million square foot estate.

Flanked by Primrose street, Worship street, Sun street and Eldon street. 

Reported to have between 250,000 and 400, 000 people walk through every day and is right in the heart of city finances. 

A picture shows it to have a similar structure to the Georgia stones.

The Washington Monument is 555 feet tall. The driving distance from the Washington Monument to the Georgia Guidestones is 555 statute miles.There is a statue featured at Broadgate called Fulcrum. It is a large sculpture by American artist Richard Serra installed in 1987 near the western entrance to Liverpool Street station, London, as part of the Broadgate development. The sculpture consists of five pieces of Cor-Ten steel, and is approximately 55 feet (17 m) tall. The artist paid towards the Hilary Clinton campaign.
From 11 Sept 2001 to the start of the Iraqi War on 20 Mar 2003 is 555 days.On 20 March 2003 at approximately 02:30.   Again 555 is coded.
This 555 ritual comes from Roman and Thelemic ritual practiced by Crowley. It is signified by v.v.v.v.v.
What is the meaning of the word, Fulcrum?..a thing that plays a central or essential role in an activity, event, or situation.

On June 22nd, it held a free event, a 3 ringed  circus  called Project Vee.

A 30 min outdoor spectacle  in the heart of the financial sector. Created by Luke Wilson,  Aaron Sparks and Matt Pang. Inspired by ‘The Four Afanasjews’. The deadline for the refurbishment was for 22nd June 2015. 

Project Vee is a British/ Israeli Pangottic circus theatre company.

Could this be the place chosen to be the scene  of an attack and the festival,  a Predictive programming event?

If the plan is to disrupt the financial capital and bring about a monetary collapse, this is the ideal place to create such an event.

The names and infrastructure as ominous as the date of the free event.

Either way, it is clear that something of enormous proportions is earmarked for 22nd June.

6x6x6=216

Secret Codes and the Agenda

The Invictus games began in London between September 10th to 14th in 2014. It was backed by MOD and was headed by Prince Harry. Fashioned after US Warrior games in Colorado in 2013 but the name changed to Invictus games.
The poem ‘Invictus’ states in it, ‘Head bloodied but unbowed’ and was used by the media when discussing reports of 7/7.
It was also said to have been the final statement of Timothy McVeigh after the Oklahoma bombing.
Also was spoken by Lieutenant Commander Ashley Williams in the computer game, Mass Effect 3 released on 21/3/2017 which was the eve of the attacks on 22nd March 2017.
( Please bare with me on this report as I am going to aim to show you a very significant connection.)

Do you recall the adverts for the Invictus games? We had Prince Harry and others mimicking an explosion which was never fully explained.
I am going to explain that to you now.

During the 2012 Olympic games, I realised the significance of the names being given, and that they all contained codes, I deciphered many during that time and spelled out some ominous comments and words.
The Invictus games was a sporting event held for those who had been injured during wars. The Invictus games was held 13 years after 9-11 and involved 13 countries. The second games were held in Florida and the third in Toronto. I suddenly realised that there was more to this and that the names involved were showing some link to false flag events.
Firstly, I will share the names of those who were reported to be hosts and performers. 
Numerology and Cryptology have lost since been used to convey messages to those in the know i.e. secret societies.

Hosts of the Invictus games:

Fearne Cotton and Nick Grimshaw.

Performers:
Foo Fighters
Ellie Goulding
James Blunt 
Bryan Adams
Rizzle Kicks

The codes coming from names are created by taking words from the first name and adding it to words from the second name, which I will highlight in capitals.
: Foo Fighters = Foo FighterS so Foo Fighters codes to FFS
: Elle Gould = ELle GOulD so Ellie Gould is EL GOD
: James Blunt = jameS blUNt so James Blunt is SUN
: Bryan Adams = bryAN aDams so Bryan Adams is AND
: Rizzle Kicks = rIzzle kickS so Rizzle Kicks is IS

The hosts; Fearne Cotton = FEARne cottON so Fearne Cotton is FEAR ON
Nick Grimshaw = niCk GRIMshaw so Nick Grimshaw is C GRIM
( This is showing the following FFs FEAR IS ON, EL IS GOD AND SUN.)

“El, the sun-god of the Syrians, the Egyptians, and the Semites, is declared by Pleyte to be no other than Set or Seth, and El is the primeval Saturn—Israel.

And I believe the coding for Nick Grimshaw is coding C Grim= Christine Grimmie.

The date of the Invictus Games was 10th September 2014.

Grimmie was reported to have been shot on 10th June 2016, that was 639 days later, 15,336 hours and 920,160 minutes. 639 = (666), 15336 = (666), 9216 = (666)

The date of the start of the Invictus games on 10th September 2014, the date of the 9-11 attacks was 4747 days before, that is 6,835,680 minutes. 683568=(666 666), It was also 410.140,800 seconds, 41148= (666.)

The start of the games and the date of the Oklahoma bombing on the 19th April 1995 is 10,200,960 minutes, that is 1296 = 666 and 612,057,600 seconds 612576= 6 (1+2)=3 (5+7)=12 (3) and 6= (666)

The Iraq war started on 20th March 2003 thats 362,188,800 seconds before the Invictus games, 3+6+2+1 =66 and 8+8+8=24=6= (666)

The Westminster attacks happened on 22nd March 2017, 132 weeks after the Invictus games started, 22,176 hours later = (666) 1,330,560 minutes = (666) and 79,833,600 seconds 7+9+8=24=6 33=6 6=(666)

Paris attacks happened 13th November 2015 thats 1 year 2 months and 3 days after the Invictus games, or 429 days, that is 10,296 hours = (666) 61,7760 minutes 6 plus 1+7+7=15= 6 + 6 =(666)

Brussels attacks happened 22nd March 2016 that is 48,297,600 seconds after the Invictus games, 48+12=3 2+9+7=18=9 9+3=12 plus 6 (666)

Manchester Arena attack was 22 May 2017 that is 1,418,400 minutes since the Invictus games, =(666) and 85,104,000 seconds = 18 = (666)

Pulse nightclub attack happened 12th June 2016 that is 923,040 minutes since the Invictus games = 9+3=12 4+2=6 (666) and 55,382,400 seconds 5+5=10 3+8=11=2 (12) =6 (666)

Londons 7/7 attack happened on 7th July 2005 thats 289,612,800 seconds since the beginning of the Invictus games 2+8+9= 19 9+1=10 (1) 6+1+2+8= 17 1 +17 =18 (666)
4,826,880 minutes = 4+8=12 2+6=8 = 20=2 8+8=16 2+16=18 (666)

The Brexit vote was on 23rd June 2016 that was 938,880 minutes since the Invictus games 9+3=12 8+8+8= 24=6 (666)and the date of the deadline to leave EU is 29th March 2019, that is 143,510,400 seconds since the Invictus games 1+4+3+5+1+4= 18 (666) and 2,391,840 minutes, 2+3+9+1=15=6 8+4=12 6+12=18 (666)

The Yellow Vest/Jacket movement began on the 17th November 2018 that was 2,201,760 mins since the games (666) and 132,105,600 seconds (666) .

If you look at the date of the Invictus Games and the date 22/6/2019… It is 2,514,240 minutes, once again that is 666!

Brexit is a massive scam! 

Even being part of the EU was a scam in the first instance and the public have been fooled and lied to ever since.

Britain isn’t actually a member of the European Union since our apparent entry was in violation of British law and was, therefore invalid.Heath didn’t have a referendum because opinion polls at the time (1972) showed that the British people were hugely opposed (by a margin of two to one) against joining the Common Market. Instead, Heath merely signed the documents that took us into what became the European Union on the basis that Parliament alone had passed the European Communities Bill of 1972.

In 1972, when Heath decided to take Britain into the Common Market, he used Parliament’s legal sovereignty to deny and permanently limit the political sovereignty of the electorate. Heath and Parliament changed the basic rules and they did not have the right (legal or moral) to do that. The 1972 European Communities Bill wasn’t just another Act of Parliament. Heath’s Bill used Parliament’s legal sovereignty, and status as representative of the electorate, to deny the fundamental rights of the electorate. Full Article : http://www.vernoncoleman.com/euillegally.html

Brexit will be used to bring about the Globalists agenda.

The following article is written by Carl Sayle who outlines the role of the military in a no-deal Brexit and how this has been planned and even play rolled prior, to ensure the plans are in place. The following is an extract from Carl Sayle:

Let me briefly jump back to July 2018 a moment and raise another point that plays a huge part in all of this. It was when I first reported on troops training alongside police in preparation for a No-Deal Brexit Civil Unrest scenario. The information came into the public limelight via a nicely placed leak of a government document.

The document spoke of how the government will act by deploying military to manage scenes of chaos at shipping ports, motorways and airports.

This was in July. My article that you will soon see linked below also shows unconfirmed reports from haulage truckers who spoke about how they had to deliver temporary morgues and body bags to various locations around the UK including RAF bases.

The truckers joked about them being there for a No-Deal Brexit scenario.

For the full article please read here: http://enchantedlifepath.com/2019/01/25/brexit-betrayal-more-planned-than-you-thought/?fbclid=IwAR1RXe5ASF-I3zYbrBRtvYWNzKDY5zSO5TuO6fGqhFCL2HpeedfUs2cSs5g

Further to my research showing that Canadian pension fund money is being used by a Canadian conglomerate to :(a) Roll out the Smarty City/5G Infrastructure in the UK and (b) Was the same organisation tasked to give us our Brexit results, it is also curious that the day that Brexit results were declared on the 24th June 2016, it was also a celebration for freemasons of the patron saint of freemasonry, the feast of John the baptist. Who is celebrated with crosses and roses, both of which were obviously connected with roses being in abundance for the reportedly murdered MP at that time, and the many crosses on the ballot paper. Many refuse to even see the hand of the secret societies in everything that occurs, but it is there.

The Governor of the Bank of England, Mark Carney, holds Canadian as well as English and Irish citizenship.

Why was an advert placed for ‘analysis shaping’ civil servants on Brexit made just a few months before the deadline? Is this not proof that there has not been any serious attempts to implement negotiations?

Yellow Vest protests are an UN Initiative

An Urban Mobility Summit was held in Paris just prior to the protests,this, has all the areas that have protests, involved in the UN funded Initiative. An Initiative that I have shown through hours of research, is connected to the Smart city agenda.

The same Urban Mobility plans that state the need to completely remove the Infrastructure to rebuild smart cities which will have complete surveillance inside the home and outside the home.https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mwFaWZKLlKQ&t=186s

Some people state that if it was part of the global agenda they would push it more on main stream media.

Have you NOT noticed that this whole movement has been organised via social media for a purpose? So that in the not so distant future, all groups, events and even the suggestion of a fight back will be banned from social media?

I have shown enough evidence that Brexit is a massive psyop to allow  social unrest to occur, they have already begun claiming that workers are losing their jobs because of it, it will not be long before they claim that food is scarce because of it, imagine when pro and anti Brexit protestors clash!

I have shown people that the company who was solely involved in the Brexit vote are the same organisation that are funding the Smart city/5G roll out in the UK.

I have already shown that Paris is on the verge of a complete Infrastructure overhaul to become a smart city and that is why agent provocateurs have joined in and smashed up infrastructure that will not be needed like speed cameras, toll booths etc.

Community based and protected meetings are what is required.

That is why the book ‘The protocols of the Elders of Zion’ published in 1897 states that ” We will not win because we did not have the sense to return to the way things once were”.

And the way things were, community based groups in which people can open a dialogue, make a choice through discussion about what is going on and what we can and should do about it.

Otherwise we march right into the clutches of the Globalists pre planned agenda!

In October 1955 Lt General Thomas B. Power, Commander, ABDC, directed that responsibility for managing the development of Weapon System 117L, the Advanced. Reconnaissance System (nicknamed PIED PIPER), be transferred, from WADO to the Western Development Division.’ Brig General B. A. Schriever, Commander, WDD, was instructed, to prepare a system development plan for the weapon system. Since the weapon system was then undergoing a critical phase in design studies, General Schriever and Brig General Nowell N. Estes agreed that, in order to prevent possible program disruption, the transfer of management responsibility for the system from Dayton to WDD would be carefully phased. The intent was to effect the transfer smoothly and at a time period consistent with the workload of the program.

http://www.nro.gov/Portals/65/documents/foia/declass/WS117L_Records/273.PDF

The facility is now Air Force Space Command.

In this video, Quinn Michaels  talks about how J.B.S. Haldane and Norbert Wiener of MIT were parts of a society he calls the 93 Society, developing advanced technology for the purposes of monitoring, tracking, and cataloguing intelligence from satellite technology developed at MIT starting in 1957.

 

As usual, the front cover of the 2019 Economist holds clues to the year ahead and has been created to show those in the know, what lies ahead. it is also up for deciphering by anyone one looks at it. it appears that the first edition of the 2019 magazine cover was black, it was then changed to the light colour later on which  I believe is significant. It could allude to black outs in the early part of the year. (We shall see.)

The most striking and obvious picture is that of Da Vinci,s portrait of ‘Vitruvian Man’ which takes centre stage, we are also celebrating the 500th years to his death this year.

In the image he can be seen with four arms and holding what appears to be a cannabis leaf but is actually either modified or is a palm leaf as cannabis leaves are known to have odd numbers of points such as 5,7,9 etc whilst this leaf has 8, often linked to Saturn. The Palm leaf is also  a symbol of Baal. Baal is portrayed as a man with the head and horns of a bull, an image similar to that in biblical accounts. His right hand (sometimes both hands) is raised, and he holds a lightning bolt, signifying both destruction and fertility. Baal has also been portrayed seated on a throne, possibly as the king or lord of the gods.

And we can see that the image brings us both lightening and fertility in its message.The death and birth can be noted in the Stork and the four horsemen of the Apocalypse. ( Not a good omen for the year ahead!)

The Elephant representing India has a form of lightening bolt that represents an arrow, maybe significant of a rise in its finances.

Pan can be traced to the Phoenician sun god Baal and the  whole picture is significant to the language of Pan, as can be seen by the image in the lower left of what appears to be an Armadillo but is in fact a Pangolin which I believe is an anagram of Pan Lingo or the language of Pan. In other words, it pertains to birth and death.

So, Da Vinci,s ‘Vitruvian Man’ holds a modified ‘Cannabis looking  leaf’ and a symbology of a DNA helix is seen on his arm which I believe is significant of using genetically modified Cannabis as a way of genetically altering our DNA. 

He also holds in his hand a cell phone, scales of justice which holds people, a ball. This signifies the interests of the public, sport,drugs,politics and technology. The scales seem to signify the ‘weighing up of one man against another’ which we know is what happens when we discuss refugees.

These seem to be the four themes of mans interests in this era and may also be the four horsemen, ie the death of them, (in my opinion.)

The goggles on the man show his distortion of reality. 

Above the man is the picture of the design for DaVinci,s helicopter called ‘Aerial Screw’ which I believe is self explanatory given bombardment of our skies with chemicals.

The helicopter also points with an arrow to the crescent moon which means the wisdom known via occultism.

The stork once again signifies birth, which carries a bar code signifying that all future births will be micro chipped and the number on the bar code 7,172,718,839 could relate to the number of human beings on the planet.

The pictures on men at the top refer to facial recognition. 

The fact that the ‘Vitruvian man’ has no genitals  and a hashtag ME TOO on his chest is significant of the push to  interfere with normal sexual orientations of the species.

The far right shows a picture of a painter called Artemisia Gentileschi, a self portrait depicting St Catherine who is the patron saint of dying people, once again the birth and death theme.

The election boxes are self explanatory of elections which may be in Africa.

Ghandi is seen sitting by a drum of Shiva which may indicate destruction in the third world, Angelina Jolie as the Mona Lisa is significant of the UN two faced puppet that she is.

Electric cars are self explanatory.

 The bearded man is the poet Walt Whitman, his ‘Calamus ‘cluster of poems is about his ideas of homosexual love. 2019 marks 200 years since his birth. His Leaves of Grass compilation ended with his last poem called his ‘Deathbed edition’ which took 33 years to complete. Once again the theme of birth and death.

 

 

 The Mountain could  be  Mt Fuji in Japan or Mt Etna.Which could signify an eruption.

The satellite signifies the New Horizon to Ultima Thule.

The Pinocchio figure could either be the media or Macron or the Dutch PM who is nicknamed Pinocchio. 

The countries are self explanatory, So Russia, China, UK and USA are all figured into the equation.

To be continued.   

Letter to the Editor – Brain Tumours: Rise in Glioblastoma Multiforme Incidence

Authors’ Comment on “Brain Tumours: Rise in Glioblastoma Multiforme Incidence in England 1995–2015 Suggests an Adverse Environmental or Lifestyle Factor”, Alasdair Philips, Denis L. Henshaw, Graham Lamburn, and Michael J. O’Carroll

Journal of Environmental and Public Health

Letter to the Editor (3 pages), Article ID 2170208, Volume 2018 (2018)

Published 25 June 2018

Abstract

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Journal of Environmental and Public Health

Volume 2018, Article ID 7910754, 10 pages

https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/7910754

Research Article

Brain Tumours: Rise in Glioblastoma Multiforme Incidence in England 1995–2015 Suggests an Adverse Environmental or Lifestyle Factor

Alasdair Philips

,1,2 Denis L. Henshaw,1,3 Graham Lamburn,2 and Michael J. O’Carroll4

1Children with Cancer UK, 51 Great Ormond Street, London, WC1N 3JQ, UK

2Powerwatch, Cambridgeshire, UK

3Professor Emeritus, University of Bristol, UK

4Professor Emeritus, Vice–Chancellor’s Office, University of Sunderland, UK

Correspondence should be addressed to Alasdair Philips; alasdair.philips@childrenwithcancer.org.uk

Received 19 December 2017; Revised 14 March 2018; Accepted 21 March 2018; Published 24 June 2018

Academic Editor: Evelyn O. Talbott

Copyright © 2018 Alasdair Philips et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective. To investigate detailed trends in malignant brain tumour incidence over a recent time period. Methods. UK Office of National Statistics (ONS) data covering 81,135 ICD10 C71 brain tumours diagnosed in England (1995–2015) were used to calculate incidence rates (ASR) per 100k person–years, age–standardised to the European Standard Population (ESP–2013). Results. We report a sustained and highly statistically significant ASR rise in glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) across all ages. The ASR for GBM more than doubled from 2.4 to 5.0, with annual case numbers rising from 983 to 2531. Overall, this rise is mostly hidden in the overall data by a reduced incidence of lower-grade tumours. Conclusions. The rise is of importance for clinical resources and brain tumour aetiology. The rise cannot be fully accounted for by promotion of lower–grade tumours, random chance or improvement in diagnostic techniques as it affects specific areas of the brain and only one type of brain tumour. Despite the large variation in case numbers by age, the percentage rise is similar across the age groups, which suggests widespread environmental or lifestyle factors may be responsible. This article reports incidence data trends and does not provide additional evidence for the role of any particular risk factor.

1. Introduction

The causes of brain tumours in adults remain largely unknown [1]. In 2011, the World Health Organisation (WHO) prioritised the monitoring of detailed brain tumour incidence trends through population–based cancer registries [2]. This article reports recent changes in malignant brain tumour incidence in England that include age, sex, morphology and tumour location.

2. Materials and Methods

2.1. Data

The International Classification of Diseases for Oncology (ICD–O) is a dual classification, with coding systems for both topography and morphology [3]. The relevant topology codes are listed in Table 1, along with the number of tumours diagnosed in 1995 and 2015.

Table 1: ONS WHO ICD10 brain tumour data for England.

There are 102 different ICD–O–3.1 morphology codes used in the data set, though many have few cases. The morphology code describes the cell type and its biological activity / tumour behaviour.

WHO last updated their classifications in 2016, but their changes have minimal impact on our analysis of the data [4, 5]. Malignant brain neoplasms without histology are recorded as ICD–10 D43 (D43.0 & D43.2 supratentorial).

We used anonymised individual–level national cancer registration case data from the UK Office of National Statistics (ONS) for all 81,135 ICD10–C71 category primary malignant brain tumours diagnosed in England for the years from 1995 to 2015, plus 8,008 ICD10–D43 supratentorial malignant tumours without histology/morphology data from 1998–2015. The initial data is supplied by the National Cancer Registration Service (NCRS). The ONS then apply further validation checks and the UK Department of Health use the ONS data to inform policy making. The ONS state their cancer data are generally within 2% of the correct values [6]. Until about 2005, some cases in the oldest age–groups will not have been recorded in the cancer registries. Since 2005 this error is likely to be small.

Glioblastoma Multiforme (GBM), the most common and most malignant primary tumour of the brain, is associated with one of the worst five–year survival rates among all human cancers, with an average survival from diagnosis of only about 1 year. This ensures that few cases will be unrecorded in the ONS database and we show that their number of GBM tumours is similar to NHS hospital inpatient numbers. The data include the year of diagnosis, age at diagnosis, sex of patient, primary site and morphology code. National population estimates of age and gender by calendar year were also obtained from ONS data [7] and age–specific incidence rates per 100,000 person–years and for a wide variety of tumour types were calculated in 5-year age group bins for males and females separately.

Some published incidence analyses have used different criteria as to which glioma and astrocytoma should be considered malignant. WHO considers Grades I to IV as biologically malignant even if they have not been graded histologically malignant. We have taken the WHO/IARC morphology behaviour codes /3, /6 and /9 as being histologically malignant which means that Grade I and II tumours are classed as low–grade malignancies.

We are not aware of any specific bias in the ONS data. There is a slight data–lag in cancer registry data, which are regularly checked and updated if necessary, but are generally stable after 3 to 5 years. Our ONS data extract is dated July 2017.

Brodbelt et al. (2015) [8] reported an analysis of treatment and survival for 10,743 GBM cases in England over the period 2007–2011, which had an overall median survival of only 6.1 months, rising to 14.9 months with maximal treatment. Brodbelt et.al.’s GBM case total from English hospital data is only 0.5% higher that our ONS GBM total of 10,687 cases for the same time period; this suggests that a very complete UK cancer diagnosis and registration system is now in place. In contrast, Ostrom et al. (2015) [9] reporting on USA SEER brain tumour data provide a scatter–plot that shows a median complete registration and histological confirmation level of only about 65%, with the best examples returning less than 75% full completion in 2012.

2.2. Confounding

We had a large number of categories and sub–categories in the data. It was necessary to combine some of these to increase the resolving power. We ran analyses separately for each site (C71.0 to C71.9), for each main type of tumour, and for tumour grade (I to IV). It was immediately obvious that the most significant change was in the incidence of GBM in frontal and temporal lobes. The obvious potential confounders would be the C71.8 (overlapping) and C71.9 (unspecified) categories due to better imaging techniques and we discuss this later.

2.3. Standardisation

Incidence rates rise dramatically with age and standardisation is necessary as population age profiles are changing with time. We calculated age–standardised incidence rates (ASR) per 100k person–years to the current recommended European Standard Population (ESP–2013), as it best represents the reality of the case burden on society [10]. Adjusting European cancer incidence to the World Standard Population is not helpful as the age-spectra are so different.

Table 2 lists the morphology codes with the highest case numbers, totalling 80354 tumours. Included in our analyses are an additional 781 cases in 78 other categories,

each with fewer than 100 cases over the 21 years. A full listing of all the cases in the data set is provided in the Supplementary File [S1].

Table 2: ICD-O-3 morphology codes with more than 100 cases between 1995-2015 inclusive. (A full listing of all the morphology codes and cases is present in the Supplementary file).

We needed to group data to improve resolution and reduce random data noise. We examined infant and child neoplasms separately, but did not find any statistically significant time–trends. Three age-groups seemed reasonable. We chose a child, teenage and young-adult group (0-29), a main middle-age group (30-54) and an older age group (over 55 years of age). These reasonably split the population into three roughly equal (20, 18 and 16 million) groups of people. The case totals in the three groups were about 9.5k, 19.5k and 52k respectively. We tested moving the cut-point boundaries by 5 years in both directions and it made little difference to the overall results.

2.4. Analysis

The cases were analysed by morphology, topology, sex, age, age–specific and age–standardised incidence. The Annual Average Percentage Change (AAPC) and corresponding 95% CI and p–values were calculated using Stata SE12.1 (StataCorp). A linear model on the log of the age–standardised rates, which tests for a constant rate of change (), best fitted the data. See Supplementary File sections S2 and S3.

2.5. Background

In a major 2013 review article, Hiroko Ohgaki and Paul Kleihues [11] wrote “Glioblastoma is the most frequent and malignant brain tumor. The vast majority of glioblastomas (~90%) develop rapidly de novo in elderly patients, without clinical or histologic evidence of a less malignant precursor lesion (primary glioblastomas). Secondary glioblastomas progress from low-grade diffuse astrocytoma or anaplastic astrocytoma. They manifest in younger patients, have a lesser degree of necrosis, are preferentially located in the frontal lobe, and carry a significantly better prognosis.”

Overall primary malignant brain tumour ASRs are only rising slowly and are often considered fairly static. Figure 1 shows the age–standardised trends from 1971 to 2015. From the 1970s to about 2000 there was a fairly steady rise in recorded overall incidence, however since then the rise has slowed, though clinicians have been reporting a rise in high-grade, aggressive tumours.

Figure 1: Age–standardised overall trends from 1971 to 2015 using data in ONS MB1 series, including a smaller number of supratentorial neoplasms without histology or morphology data coded D43.0 & D43.2. The data table for this figure is in the SI file as [S4].

Overall adult survival for all malignant brain tumours after diagnosis during 2006–2010 was about 35% for one year and 15% for five years, falling to about 3% for aggressive grades–III and IV tumours. ONS data show age-standardised death rates from malignant brain tumours (C71) have increased by 7% between 2001 and 2015, showing that improvements in treatment alone are inadequate and that there is a need to find ways of preventing brain cancer [12].

3. Results

Comparing new case numbers in 2015 with 1995 shows an extra 1548 aggressive GBM tumour cases annually. Figure 2 and Table 3 show that up to about 2004 the

overall rise in GBM incidence (Annual Average Percentage Change (AAPC) 5.2%, 95% CI 3.7–6.6, p < 0·00003) could be mostly compensated for by the fall in incidence of all lower grade astrocytoma and “glioma, malignant, NOS, ICD10–93803”. This leaves a fairly steady rise in the GBM ASR from 2004 to 2015 (AAPC 2.2%, 95% CI 1.4–3.0, p < 0.0001).

Table 3: ICD10-C71 and (D43.0 + D43.2) cases and age-standardised (ESP-2013) incidence rates.

Figure 2: Age–standardised incidence rates for all C71 glioma cases diagnosed between 1995 and 2015 analysed by type and year (Data in Table 3). Grouping details: (1) = 94403–94433 (2) = 93843, 94003–94303 (3) = 93803 (4) = 93813, 93823, 93903–93943, 94503–94733.

Ohgaki and Kleihues [11] reported that most secondary GBMs are found in younger middle-age people and most primary GBMs are in over 60s. We tested our (30–54) and (>54) age group data, splitting the total GBM into de novo and promoted tumours. We estimated the maximum possible number of promoted tumours using the change in the grades II and III diffuse and anaplastic astrocytomas. The results are shown in Figures 3(a) and 3(b). These are discussed later.

Figure 3: Age–standardised rates for two age groups. The possible split between de novo and secondary promoted GBMs is based on incidence change of Grades II and III diffuse and anaplastic astrocytoma.

We found a large decrease of ASR over time for Grade–II diffuse astrocytoma, a slight rise in ASR for WHO Grade–III anaplastic astrocytoma (94013; 2832 cases). There was little change in rates of anaplastic oligodendroglioma (94513; 1339 cases), anaplastic ependymoma (93923; 313 cases) Grade–II oligodendroglioma (94503; 2671cases), embryonal, or ependymal tumours.

Figure 4 shows the relative increase in age-specific GBM incidence between the averaged periods (1995–1999) and (2011–2015) for 5–year age–groups. This 1.5-fold change is remarkably similar across the age–groups, suggesting a universal factor.

Figure 4: Relative change in GBM age–specific incidence rates (ASpR) averaged over two five-year periods 1995-1999 and 2011-2015 in 5-year age bands and gender.

Figure 5 shows ASR GBM rates for frontal lobe, temporal lobe, unspecified & overlapping (C71.8 & C71.9) and ‘all other brain regions’. Most of the rise is in the frontal and temporal lobes, and most of the cases are in people over 55 years of age, with a highly statistically significant overall AAPC of 7.6% (see Table 4). There was an extra rise in frontal and temporal GBM incidence between 2006 and 2008, which coincided with a slight reduction in the GBM ASR in overlapping and unspecified regions and may be due to improved imaging.

Table 4: Age standardised incidence rates to ESP-2013 (/100k people).

Figure 5: Frontal and temporal lobe GBM age–standardised incidence rates by tumour site and year (data table in the SI as [S6]).

4. Discussion

Using sufficiently high–quality data, we present a clearer picture of the changing pattern in incidence of brain tumour types than any previously published. We report a sustained and highly statistically significant ASR rise in GBM across all ages and throughout the 21 years (1995–2015), which is of importance both for clinical resources and brain tumour aetiology.

Dobes et al. (2011) [13] reported a significant increase in malignant tumour incidence from 2000 to 2008 in the ≥65–year age group. In a second article they noted an increasing incidence of GBM (APC, 3.0; 95% CI, 0.5–5.6) in patients in the same age group, especially in temporal and frontal lobes [14]. De Vocht et al. (2011) [15] reported a rise in temporal lobe tumour incidence in ONS data, but dismissed its significance. In a 2016 paper he claimed no increase in GBM incidence, but later published a major correction to the paper that shows an increase [16].

Zada et al. (2012) [17] using USA SEER data for 1992–2006 reported a rising trend in frontal and temporal lobe tumours, the majority of which were GBM, with a decreased incidence of tumours across all other anatomical sub–sites. Ho et al. (2014) [18] reported a 2.2–fold increase in glioblastoma incidence in the Netherlands over the period 1989–2010 (APC 3.1, p<0.001).

There were no material classification changes over the analysis period that might explain our findings [19], though multidisciplinary team working was strengthened (2005 onwards) and better imaging has resulted in improved diagnosis along with a more complete registration of brain tumours in the elderly. We analysed our data in 5-year age group categories to look for evidence of improved diagnosis; the data do suggest diagnosis and registration have improved in people aged over 70. However, at earlier ages the incidence rate of ‘all’ glioma (and all C71) registrations have remained almost constant, whereas the rates for lower–grade tumours fell until about 2006 and have since remained fairly static as the rate for GBM has risen steadily.

Most GBM cases seem to originate without any known genetic predisposition. GBMs from promoted lower–grade gliomas usually have different molecular genetic markers from de novo GBMs [20]. The 2016 revision of the WHO classification of CNS tumours [3, 4] highlights the need for recording molecular genetic markers and divides glioblastomas into two main groups. The IDH–wildtype mostly corresponds to clinically defined primary or de novo glioblastoma and accounts for about 90% of cases. The remaining 10% are IDH–mutant cases, which usually arise in younger patients and mostly correspond to secondary or promoted lower–grade diffuse glioma [11, 21]. Figures 3(a) and 3(b) support the conclusion of Ohgaki and Kleihues [11] that promoted (secondary) tumours mainly occur in younger people and that de novo GBMs dominate in the over-54 age group. It is important that this pattern is monitored using modern genetic techniques.

GBM tumours are almost always fatal and are not likely to have been undiagnosed in the time-frame of our data. It is possible that some elderly cases were not fully classified, but then they should have been recorded as ICD10–D43. However, as D43 rates have remained very constant over this time period (see Figure 1), this is unlikely to have been a significant confounder.

4.1. Possible Causal Factors

We cite examples of some possible causal factors that have been discussed in the literature that could contribute changes in GBM incidence. In an important 2014 “state of science” review of glioma epidemiology, Ostrom et al. [22] list and discuss a number of potential factors that have been associated with glioma incidence, some of which we list below.

Ionising radiation, especially from X-rays used in CT scans, has the most supportive evidence as a causal factor. Due to the easy availability of CT imaging and relative

lack and higher cost of MRI imaging in UK NHS hospitals, CT scans are often used, especially for initial investigations. Their use over the period 1995-2013 is shown in the Supplementary File S6. Given the time-frame of the trend that we have identified, we suggest that CT imaging X-ray exposures should be further investigated for both the promotion and initiation of the rising incidence of GBM tumours that we have identified.

Preston et al. (2007) [23] concluded that radiation–associated cancer persists throughout life regardless of age at exposure and that glioma incidence shows a statistically significant dose response. Our oldest age group also experienced atmospheric atomic bomb testing fallout and some association with ingested and inhaled radionuclides should not be dismissed as a possible factor. England was in one of the highest exposed regions for atmospheric testing fallout as determined by the United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation, UNSCEAR 2000 Report [24]. Further information is given in Supplementary File S7. If only some of the population were susceptible and received a significant dose, any resulting extra cancers would show up in the ONS data.

The European Study of Cohorts for Air Pollution Effects by Andersen et al. (2017) [25] found suggestive evidence of an association between traffic-related air pollution and malignant brain tumours.

There is increasing evidence literature that many cancers including glioma have a metabolic driver due to mitochondrial dysfunction resulting in downstream genetic changes in the nucleus [26–28].

The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) judged both power–frequency ELF (2002) [29] and radio–frequency RF (2011) [30] electromagnetic fields as Group 2B ‘possible human carcinogens’. Villeneuve et al. (2002) [31] concluded that occupational (ELF) magnetic field exposure increases the risk of GBM with an OR = 5.36 (95% CI: 1.2 – 24.8). Hardell and Carlberg (2015) [32] have reported an increase in high–grade glioma associated with mobile phone use. The multi-country Interphone study [33] collected data from 2000 to 2003 and included few people over 55 years of age and would have been unable to resolve any association involving older–aged people. Volkow et al. (2011) [34] found that, in healthy participants and compared with no exposure, a 50-minute cell phone exposure produced a statistically significant increase in brain glucose metabolism in the orbitofrontal cortex and temporal pole regions closest to the handset.

5. Conclusions

(1)We show a linear, large and highly statistically significant increase in primary GBM tumours over 21 years from 1995–2015, especially in frontal and temporal lobes of the brain. This has aetiological and resource implications.(2)Although most of the cases are in the group over 54 years of age, the age–standardised AAPC rise is strongly statistically significant in all our three main analysis age groups.(3)The rise in age–standardised incidence cannot be fully accounted for by improved diagnosis, as it affects specific areas of the brain and just one type of brain tumour that is generally fatal. We suggest that widespread environmental or lifestyle factors may be responsible, although these results do not provide additional evidence for the role of any particular risk factor.(4)Our results highlight an urgent need for funding more research into the initiation and promotion of GBM tumours. This should include the use of CT imaging for diagnosis and also modern lifestyle factors that may affect tumour metabolism.

Data Availability

The data were obtained from the UK Office for National Statistics (ONS), who are the legal owners of the data. Some data are publicly available in the ONS annual MB1 data series, which are freely downloadable from the ONS website, but this article uses the latest updated data, plus ICD–O–3 morphology codes, extracted under personal researcher contract from the ONS database in July 2017. ONS Data Guardian approval was required for the supply, control and use of the data. A nominal charge is made by the ONS for such data extraction. We are not permitted to supply the raw ONS extracted data to anyone else. Other researchers can obtain the latest data directly from the ONS in a similar manner. The authors provide some extra tables and figures in the Supplementary File downloadable from the journal website.

Conflicts of Interest

Alasdair Philips: Independent Engineer and Scientist. (a) Trustee of Children with Cancer UK (unpaid); (b) On a voluntary unpaid basis, has run Powerwatch for 25 years (a small UK NGO providing free information on possible health associations with EMF/RF exposure); (c) Technical Director and shareholder of EMFields Solutions Ltd., who design and sell EMF/RF measuring instruments and protective shielding items; (d) Shareholder of Sensory Perspective Ltd.; (e) Occasional voluntary advisor to the Radiation Research Trust (Registered Charity). Denis L. Henshaw: (a) Scientific Director of Children with Cancer UK (honorarium basis); (b) Shareholder of Track Analysis Systems Ltd., a company offering radon measurement services; (c) Voluntary scientific advisor for Electrosensitivity UK (Registered Charity). Michael J. O’Carroll: (a) Chairman of Rural England against Overhead Line Transmission group; (b) Occasional advisor to the Radiation Research Trust. Graham Lamburn: (a) Acts as voluntary unpaid ‘Technical Manager’ for Powerwatch.

Authors’ Contributions

Alasdair Philips and Graham Lamburn conceived the study and first–drafted most of the manuscript with significant input from Denis L. Henshaw and Michael J. O’Carroll. Graham Lamburn organised the data obtained from the UK ONS and wrote the database analysis scripts. All authors had full access to the results of all analyses and have provided strategic input over several years of following the ONS brain tumour data. All authors have approved the final manuscript. Alasdair Philips is the guarantor for the ONS data.

Funding

This research received no funding from any external agency or body. The ONS data extracts were paid for personally by Alasdair Philips. Administration costs were paid for personally by the authors.

Acknowledgments

We are very grateful to Professor Geoffrey Pilkington and Professor Annie Sasco for their invaluable comments on early drafts of this paper. We thank the ONS for providing the data and Michael Carlberg, MSc for advice regarding statistical analysis.

Supplementary Materials

S1. Table of data morphology coding and the case numbers used in the study. S2. GBM case numbers and age-specific incidence rate data used in the study. S3. Sample STATA data and DO script. S4. Data table for Figure 1. S5. Data table for

Figure 5. S6. CT and MRI use in the UK NHS. S7. Some notes on atomic bomb testing and other nuclear fallout in England. (Supplementary Materials)

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Letter to the Editor

 

What Can You Do? Inform yourself.

More than five decades of research by the world’s renowned and dedicated scientists and medics provide clear evidence of damage inflicted upon biological systems by electromagnetic fields. Do your own research using keywords.

The medical profession, schools, the media and other organisations are forced to follow government guidelines which claim ‘no harm’ in spite of the evidence. SAR ratings are a ploy to protect vested interests and have no clinical value. Consider the alarming rise in cancer and brain tumours which goes unquestioned with an apparent unwillingness to examine the wider causes. Why? Simply follow the money! For what reason is Cancer UK in denial over EMF pollution that cause cancer!

As the technology becomes more addictive, the public can be easily controlled, particularly through social media; for the young this level of control and compliance is becoming the norm. Things can be made safer only if the public demand it and resist the constant pressure to incorporate technology into every aspect of their lives. Do we need to stop and re-evaluate our relationship with this life threatening technology? The first step to improving your health and well- being is reducing your exposure to radiation. Try turning your mobile/ devices off to see how your life improves. Replace Wi-Fi and cordless phones with Ethernet cable and non- wireless routers. Withdraw your consent to SMART meters (link below). This is a democratic legal right and yes, one can refuse to have these meters installed.

Screening offers some protection, but be sceptical about EMF protection devices claiming to neutralise electromagnetic fields or harmonise the body. Also beware of scams using nonsensical pseudo-science in literature in order to trick sufferers of EMF pollution or other health issues into purchasing useless gadgets. In one third of cases the perceived short-term benefits are likely due to the well known placebo effect – or power of the mind.

More information. www.bemri.org Bio Electromagnetic Research Initiative –

stopsmartmeters.org.uk/ – powerwatch.org.uk/

Is Electromagnetic pollution making you ill?

More than five decades of research have linked electromagnetic pollution [EMP] to many health conditions. Microwaves, [RF] penetrate our body damaging cells and DNA. Electromagnetic frequencies [EMF’s] deplete immune systems and can bring about cancer, brain tumours and childhood leukaemia. More and more people experience sleeping difficulties, headaches, chronic fatigue, and other allergies. Additional symptoms include muscular complaints aches/weakness, irritability, nose bleeds, nausea, dizziness, flu like symptoms, tinnitus type noise, depression, sensitivity to chemical products, blurred vision, burning, itchy or tingly red skin, short-term memory loss, heart attacks, strokes, autoimmune diseases, and inability to concentrate. Behavioural problems in children are increasing and this technology is now recognised as an addiction.

Electromagnetic pollution continues rising above levels quite unimaginable, even twenty years ago. They follow a pattern linked to ever increasing cases of cancers, brain tumours, autism, childhood leukaemia and Alzheimer’s. The sudden rise among children aged below 15 years who suffer brain tumours is alarming news. The young have thinner sculls and tumours may take a while to grow.

Electromagnetic pollution affects all biological systems. Insects and some bird species numbers are declining and caused by a range of pollutants, electro and chemical. During experiments at Silwood Park Campus of Imperial Collage London, bees leaving a hive became disorientated after a DECT base station was placed about 1 metre from the hive and switched on for 5 minutes and when switched off, the bees returned to normal activity soon after. In Germany, a research team subjected bees to these signals over a longer period, found the hive abandoned and the bees never returned.

Electromagnetic Pollution within the Home [EMP]

Communities protest over the growing number of mobile base station antennas mounted close to residential properties and schools, but are seemingly unaware that a Wi-Fi router or cordless phone within their own home emit a high degree of radiation, most often far greater than those entering from external communication masts.

Wi-Fi also called Wireless LAN [wLan] Wi-Fi acts like a mobile phone mast pulsing microwaves 24/7 and not simply power levels from one device, but the cumulative radiation emitted from all units in the home, classroom or workplace. It includes transmissions from nearby cell phone masts, TETRA, Wi-Fi and radiation penetrating the building from neighbour’s devices.

IPAD’s, tablets, Wii and Xbox emits a high degree of radiation, is often placed on the lap dangerously close to the body. Babies and young children mostly at risk from any form of pollution, especially electro-pollution! Children have little choice, adults make it. The choice of wireless over Ethernet suggests everyone is affected.

Schools ban Wi-Fi The French Government and other countries have banned mobile phones in some schools and public buildings. Russia consistently set better safety standards over many years and are most concerned about EMF pollution. Some UK schools have outlawed phones, and prudently should now prohibit WI-FI.

Digital Enhanced Cordless Phone. [DECT] These produce powerful microwave radiation from their base units, 24/7, even when not being used. DECT signals can travel into adjacent buildings and gardens and often physically detected by those sensitive to this damaging radiation. Even if one is unable to feel it, our body is cumulatively responding to this radiation the same as one can have cancerous cells or other defects in the body without being immediately aware.

Wireless baby monitors. Digital Enhanced Cordless Telecommunications is the standard used for many baby monitors and can emit radio frequency fields of 6 volts/per metre. [Twice as strong as found 100 metres away from a mobile phone mast] For comparison, the maximum recommended 2002 Salzburg indoor level for GSM is just 0.02 volts per metre. Baby monitors are not safe when placed 1 metre from the child as some suppliers claim. Digital technology, due to its ‘pulsed’ nature becomes more harmful at lower levels of power than the older analogue technology.

Energy-saving CFL bulbs & fluorescent tubes. The EU ban on incandescent lamps may leave hundreds of thousands of vulnerable sick and disabled people in the UK unable to safely use electric light in their homes. Light sensitivity can arise from a range of health conditions, including the genetic disorder Xeroderma Pigmentosum (XP), the auto-immune disease lupus, forms of eczema and dermatitis, photosensitivity, ME, electro-sensitivity and many more. Some common symptoms are severe stinging, burning and itching of the skin, along with red rash. CFLs each contain mercury and when broken present a health hazard. Vast numbers will be dumped on landfill sites risking contamination of future water supplies.

Multiple Chemical Sensitivity is on the increase and some victims are also electrosensitive. [All biological systems are electro–chemical]. Sufferers may experience excruciating pain and sleep deprivation and unable to escape to a safe haven or have to endure family and friends failing to understand their condition and often believe the GP’s regular diagnosis, “It’s all in the mind’ who perhaps decide to pass the patient on to a psychiatrist. Neither receives training along these lines of investigation and drugs are the last thing sufferers need. Suicides are on the increase for these reasons.

Wireless Smart Meters. The plan is to replace electric and gas meters in all homes and business in the UK with smart meters under pretext they save energy and money. Costs in the USA and Australia increased after meters were installed, and people soon reported having headaches, insomnia, nausea, and dizziness, glaucoma, and heart palpitations.

As with other EMF sources, transmissions from wireless smart meters operating 24/7 can cause serious health issues. Apparently, the UK role out is estimated to cost over £12 billion and the consumer, as always, picks up the tab. Smart Meters are not compulsory [2018] and those already fitted will need replacing probably around 2020. Smart Meters also invade our privacy and are easily switched off remotely by the utility, hacked, [as with computers] or via other wirelessly linked devices. A route ripe for terrorists and hackers with little way to protect ourselves.

Courtesy of BEMRI – New-Awareness-1

During a court case in 1998, Dr McKinley, a senior scientist with the National Radiological Protection Board, explained that their data on tissue conductivity had been supplied to them by Microwave Consultants Ltd, which is on the payroll of a cell phone company. It transpired that virtually none of the NRPB documents is peer reviewed and that Dr McKinley himself had not authored any experimental studies; in fact he admitted he had no expertise in biology.

The industry also tries to control the science by controlling the interpretation of findings and how they are presented – if they ever are – to the general public. Many corporations have their own “team” who travel to all meetings, and whose job it is to create negative “spin” on presentations that point to possible harm or suggest caution.

Not only are the science labs, government offices and science interest groups associated with cell-phone science becoming puppets of the phone industry, but the media are so heavily influenced by the phone companies that it is becoming increasingly difficult to disseminate impartial information and comments, even though they may be of long term benefit to the industry, and are vital for public health.

The auction of 3G licences to the mobile phone companies brought in £22.5 billion plus an annual income then of around 15 billion to the UK exchequer. These figures will be dwarfed by the sale of 4G and 5G licences. No wonder when commercial interests are at stake there seem to be outright denial of relevant, honest scientific data.

SAFETY LEVELS: When it comes to asking about safety, concerning any communication device or installation not one single independent consultant is able to give an answer. If anyone asks whether a certain level of electromagnetic pollution is safe they are usually quoted a UK safety limit laid down by the NRPB/HPA/PHE. In fact evidence from many medical and scientific bodies shows that no one can be sure there is a safe level. Countless studies have clearly demonstrated that biological systems can be impaired even by extremely low levels of radiation.

Electromagnetic radiation power density increases weekly as more people use electronic equipment. We are bombarded with an accumulation of radiation from satellites, power supplies, radar, broadcast antennas, – in fact all electrical systems and appliances. More people are becoming electro-sensitive and most are unaware of what is really attacking their body. Doctors are generally in the dark about the effects of EMF pollution, partly because they follow government guidelines and receive no training on these issues although the BMC must be aware of the problem as it was discussed in the UK medical journal.

At the moment there really is no cure for the problem apart from avoidance, though there is the opportunity to develop systems that can be of true benefit to us all in terms of health and performance if the electronics and telecommunications industries could be persuaded to listen, unfortunately money rules!

You pick up the mobile/cordless phone once, twice, ten times a day – or only a few times a month. But, each and every time, you’re gambling that this time’ won’t be the occasion when the radiation causes irreparable damage to your brain. It only takes a seemingly small damage trauma at a very small location to result in tissue damage, DNA damage, or chromosome mutations. Adults and children need to overcome the addiction now ruling ones lives and damaging health.

A report in May 2002 New Scientist informed us of a development of a weapon using intense electromagnet fields producing effects “ranging from disruption of short-term memory to total loss of control of voluntary bodily functions”. We already have this kind of weapon in the mobile phone and other wireless devices.

SCIENCE – Scientists have discovered that microwave radiation from mobile phone transmissions affect the brain in a process known as heat shock – an effect similar to heating the brain but with no actual rise in temperature. Heat shock causes the body to release proteins, which can damage or kill brain cells. Geneticist Dr David De Pomerai told how tests showed exposure for an hour to mobile phone radiation can double the heat shock proteins in cells. Dr Alan Preece of Bristol University revealed the same radiation caused vessels to dilate, thus creating a rush of blood to the head. Other studies have found that microwaves also weaken the blood brain barrier, which protects the brain against blood stream infections. Other research shows that they have specific effects on brain cells and brain function that can lead to brain degenerative diseases, cancer and weakening of the immune system.

It has been found that many lymphocytic leukaemia sufferers live close to power lines, underground mains cables and transformers, or spend long periods of time close to equipment that emits this kind of radiation. Myeloid cancer cases appear to be clustered around radio and TV masts. Such findings suggest that 50 Hz and RF frequencies [which include mobile phone frequencies] may affect living systems in various ways. The power levels from mobile signals are also known to increase after rain has fallen and during periods of low cloud. Some who suffer tinnitus and live close to mobile phone masts have found their condition is noticeably worst during this kind of weather.

Health risks arise from digital cordless [DECT] telephones. The base unit that cradles the handset and functions as transmitter and receiver produces an electrical field that is actually greater than that of a mobile phone. Since it radiates even when the phone is not being used, it is like using a mobile phone non-stop. These phones should never be put in bedrooms or close to where people sit. Better still dump them, along with baby alarms, which also emit dangerous EMF radiation. As the very young are more vulnerable, cots and beds should always be placed well away from electrical wiring and appliances, and from metal objects such as radiators, which act like antennas for microwave and other radiation.

Other high-risk devices that emit microwave radiation include WiFi, WLan, WIMAX, wireless interactive whiteboards, and burglar alarms using microwave detectors. Operating WLan systems in schools is equivalent to having a mobile phone mast permanently emitting life-threatening pulsed microwaves within the classroom.

Tests carried out the NRPB [National Radiological Protection Board – afterwards called Health Protection Agency [HPA] and now renamed Public Health England [Note the word protection is removed] revealed that ultraviolet beams from projectors used with electronic whiteboards in most schools could damage the eyes. The viewers peripheral retina can be over-exposed even when they are not looking directly at the projector’s apparent light source, or damaged if they look into the beam from a few yards away just for twenty seconds. Other radiation effects noted in schools include short- term memory loss, headaches, nosebleeds, hyperactivity, and lack of concentration.

Suspicion that electrical fields cause respiratory illness dates back to the 1950s, when it was found that placing asthmatics in areas with low electrical fields got rid of their symptoms. A new study by scientists at Imperial Collage London suggests that electrical fields from computers, televisions and other everyday items make people more prone to asthma, influenza and other respiratory diseases.

This research provides additional academic backing for campaigner’ s demands for precautionary measures to be taken against the thickening electro-smog we are exposed to from sources such as mobile phones and their masts, WiFi systems and household electrical devices. As the amount of electro-smog has multiplied many times over in recent years, science has increasingly shown it can cause a wide range of ailments, from respiratory diseases to difficulties in concentrating, from sleeplessness to cancer including many more illnesses.

Scientists have found that the electrical fields given off by a wide variety of household items, including computers, televisions, cookers, energy saving lamps and wiring, can charge minuscule particles in the air such as viruses, bacteria, allergens and highly toxic pollutants. Because many of these are so tiny – less than 80 times the thickness of the human hair – they often remain airborne almost indefinitely and so are can be readily inhaled. If they carry increased electrical charge they are more likely to stick to the tissue of the lungs and respiratory tract and to human skin, thereby increasing risk of infection and impact on the body.

The higher the electrical field and particle charge, the greater the danger, as particles with greater charge can hit the tissue with greater speed. As they crash land they become deformed, which makes them more firmly stuck and harder to remove.

Electrostatic charges, such as those given off by clothing and sheets made from synthetic materials, add to the problem. Research has also shown that high electrical fields greatly reduce concentrations of charged molecular oxygen, which is readily absorbed by the body, enhances biological functions and can kill harmful microbes.

TETRA [Terrestrial Trunk Radio Systems] is a microwave frequency now used by our police force and other bodies throughout the UK. The frequency of 17.6 Hz emits pulses occurring 17.6 times per second that match brain frequencies, and it is believed that this can penetrate deep into the brain, damaging cell communication. An article in the Daily Telegraph disclosed that six people at a police station at North Walsham, Norfolk, including a Chief Inspector, other officers and civilian workers, blamed their health problems on a TETRA communications system.

Chief Inspector Strong and his staff believe that bouts of dizziness and severe headaches began when a new TETRA transmitter was installed. About 25 other people living nearby also complained of similar symptoms and others of repeated nosebleeds, especially among children, along with disturbed sleep and skin problems. The officers, who had been referred to the Force’s doctor, were warned not to discuss this publicly and are apparently forbidden to speak out. One month previously the family of a police motorcyclist, who had died of cancer of the oesophagus, said he had complained of headaches when he began to use his TETRA handset, and was convinced it was to blame for his condition.

POLICY – The cell-phone industry controls the policy arm of the cell-phone science by being a major contributor of research funds, and by making sure that its personnel are placed on safety standard committees and even the World Health Organisation’s EMF study projects. Thus, all the relevant policy bodies are led by cell-phone personnel and consultants, or have a majority of them on their staffs. This is even true of scientific organisations. The Bio-electromagnetic Society [BEMS] which should be made up of independent scientists has a large contingent of members who work for the cell phone companies or are paid consultants.

In the UK the HPA is funded roughly half from the industries it represents and half from the Government, thus all of its associates have a financial interest in recommending the product, even if it may prove to be unsafe. Every single spokesperson on safety issues is linked in one way or another with the communications industry.

BAD SCIENCE – To avoid liability and promote public favour, all corporations can utilise “bad science” under the guise of objective and reliable science in order to convince public and courts in toxic lawsuits claiming their scientific “research” is reliable and do not endanger public health. In doing so, they avoid paying compensation, decrease liability and increase profits. Science is for hire with express purpose of reaching a “conclusion” and supporting an industry or corporate regulatory or litigation objective. Law and PR firms are set up for the sole purpose of contacting scientists to generate false data, challenge regulations or create spin that supports industry and organisations faced with liability suits. The bulk of scientists are  employed by or receive payment from industry and governments.

Courtesy of BEMRI New Awareness 1

Limits to Electronic Growth: the Internet’s Demands and Solutions to Help It Last Longer
by Katie Singer
The Internet is the largest thing that humanity has built.
 Every online activity (every text message, email, Facebook post, Google search, Amazon purchase, photo exchange, software download, video, smart appliance message, GPS search) requires energy intensive infrastructure. The Internet’s infrastructure includes access networks (cell sites) and data storage centers, which require electricity and water.
Manufacturing every electronic device requires electricity, water and minerals mined under abusive conditions. The world now has more cell phones than toilets or toothbrushes. Per person, electronics users generate 73 pounds of e- waste per year.
 All this—and yet, the Internet’s energy demands, greenhouse gas emissions and waste have kept largely invisible and unknown.
Most people consider Internet access a necessity. If that’s true, then every municipality,
service provider, manufacturer, school, business, household and individual is now challenged
to become informed about the Internet’s impact on climate change, biodiversity and human
health—and to participate in reducing it.
As Bill Torbert, Boston College management professor emeritus says, “If you’re not aware that you’re part of the problem, you can’t be part of the solution.”

Recently we found out the news via Ann Marie Carey that Mark Steele had been contacted by Bemri, Bio Electromagnetic experts with 60 + years of experience in EMF research. Their kind offer to come to Gateshead for free, and measure RFs coming from the street lights, to test for any possible anomalies that could be 5G was rejected by Mark. Im sure I was not the only one shocked by this news.
Having been previously involved in getting Mark some interviews with a couple of well respected alternative media news sites Windows on the World Mark Alexander Scott and BCfm Politics Show with Tony Gosling, I was gutted to hear that Mark had not only declined their offer to meet up, but had accused them of not knowing anything about 5G.
Living about 10 mins from Gateshead myself, I offered to meet one of the guys from Bemri, and take him to the places where Mark got his EMF readings in the 700Mhz range. Bemri used specialist sensitive equipment, including a log par directional meter and many other measuring devices. The RF readings were similar to Marks, but it was noted that there were huge mobile masts in each of the locations, which would have affected the readings. Also did Mark film his videos of EMF readings with a smart phone? Again this would interfere with the readings. He refuses to answer that question when I asked but he did call me ‘desperate’ for assuming so. Bemri obtained many readings, some with a smart phone switched on close to the meter. And yes, with the smart phone on, readings were in the 700Mhz range, similar to Marks.

During the visit to Gateshead, there were no anomalies picked up by the EMF equipment and a conclusion was made that no 5G signals were picked up, only 4G. The lamp posts were acknowledged to be emitting these RFs.
Annie and myself were very grateful to Bemri for taking the time to test the lights in Gateshead, and Stockport was found to have similar results from their antenna’d LED lamp posts too.
I have spoken to Mark Steele after Bemri’s visit and listened to his response. He still believes these people do not know what 5G is, and questions their expertise.
I, on the other hand question Marks choices he has made, in the fight to stop 5G. At no point during his interviews, did Mark choose to mention Annie’s FB group or her campaign resources. She had asked him to and he said he would, but he didn’t. Why would you do that to a fellow campaigner? It makes no sense. I would have thought that was a golden opportunity to let audiences of the shows know how they could get active on the street, handing out leaflets, making people aware of the 5G issue etc. Instead Mark used the platform to ask people to join his political party. A party that has 3 years to try getting to parliament to stop 5G, when 5G has a proposed roll out date of 2020. I joined this party a while back, but received no email newsletters.
I’ve stated facts here about the Gateshead 5G lamps visit by Bemri, and I’ve given only a small fraction of my opinion on Mark Steele. People will make up their own minds on him.

http://www.bemri.org/

Revealed: Network Rail’s new £800m scheme to remove all ‘leaf fall’ trees

Exclusive: five-year ‘enhanced clearance’ programme targets trees along 20,000 miles of track to avoid delays, according to an internal document

Engineers cut down trees beside the West Coast Main Line, Northamptonshire.
 Engineers cut down trees beside the West Coast Main Line, Northamptonshire. Photograph: Colin Underhill/Alamy Stock Photo

Network Rail is to target all “leaf fall” trees for removal alongside its tracks in a new £800m five-year programme of “enhanced clearance”, according to an internal document seen by the Guardian.

The policy document for 2019-24 emerged as the environment secretary, Michael Gove, summoned the chief executive of Network Rail for talks over their approach to environmental management following revelations about tree felling across the country by the Guardian.

After discussions with Network Rail, Jo Johnson, the rail minister, set up a review into vegetation management . He called for all tree felling to be suspended during the current nesting season – March to August.

Johnson said: “This review will look at all aspects of this issue, including, for instance, whether Network Rail has the capacity and capability to control vegetation in a way that minimises harm to wildlife, and whether staff need more training to help with tree identification and identifying approaches that would be better than felling.”

The leaked document seen by the Guardian sets out a new programme which appears to go further than any current environmental management. It involves an “enhanced level of clearance” of trees and vegetation from the railway banks along 20,000 miles of lines in the UK, in an attempt to deal with costly delays to services.

The document says Network Rail has to manage the risk from 13 million trees within falling distance of its tracks. If they removed 2% of the trees a year over the five-year period, more than 1 million trees could be felled.

“Network Rail is responsible for any damage that they may cause unless it can be robustly demonstrated that it has taken reasonable steps to reduce the risk of that damage occurring,” the document states.

Network Rail said in a statement that it was constantly balancing the needs of the environment against passenger health and safety.

Key species of tree to be targeted for removal are those which the company says are high risk due to the amount and size of leaves they produce. They include sycamore, poplar, horse and sweet chestnut, ash and lime.

Network Rail bosses say in the document they need to reduce the risk of leaves and trees falling on to the lines, improve performance and safety and cut the hundreds of millions of pounds it pays in compensation – called schedule 8 payments – for delays.

Entitled Lineside Asset Management Control Period 6 (CP6), the policy involves the “removal of all leaf fall species” within falling distance of the track, “intensive intervention” on vegetation in close proximity to the railway and the removal of emergent lower level growth at the earliest stage.

The boundary for management of scrub, grasses, trees and shrubs will also increase from five metres either side of the railway – which has been the policy for the last five years – to a minimum of 6.5m.

The document concludes that the initial level of investment – £41,000 per mile of track for the enhanced clearance – will result in “a far better performing, safer railway”.

Grasses and scrubland alongside Britain’s railway lines are made up of more than 1,600 species of plants, including 900 varieties known of as “railway species” that are exclusive to the trackside.

Senior politicians have been in discussions with the publicly owned company over the scale of its vegetation clearance after the Guardian revealed last week millions of trees are at risk.

Gove invited Mark Carne, chief executive of Network Rail, for talks at his office on Wednesday.

Details of the new planned trackside clearances come as a petition calling on Network Rail to “stop chopping down millions of trees” attracted more than 60,000 signatures.

The scale of felling taking place in the five years to the end of 2018 is not known. Network Rail has not responded to requests to provide the Guardian with an aerial map highlighting “problem” trees earmarked for felling, or reveal how many have been removed in the last year.

A freedom of information response revealed that 30,000 trees were felled by Network Rail or their contractors on the west coast mainline between Euston and Carlisle in the 12 months between February 2016 and February 2017.

Network Rail said there were no plans to replace any of the trees in its FOI response.

Network Rail says in the document it will adhere to environmental legislation which requires it to restrict practices at certain locations or certain times of the year. It says the risks to poor performance and safety from trees includes obstruction of the line, causing delays and putting staff and passengers at risk.

Between March 2016 and March 2017 there were 720 incidents with trees, according to the document. Of these 233 trees were struck by trains. “The likelihood of a tree failure causing an accident is high,” the document states.

The company says the impact from falling leaves in the autumn of 2015 involved four signals passed at danger, 91 wrong side failures and 61 station overruns due to poor rail adhesion attributed to leaf fall contamination.

These incidents, it says, cost Network Rail between £100m and £150m.

Network Rail says in the document that trees and vegetation can have a positive benefit in terms of lineside ecology where desirable flora and fauna has been identified and sustainable management plans have been put into place. It also states the company will “manage the vegetation to comply with legal requirements to protect the environment.”

A spokesperson for Network Rail said it was constantly balancing the needs of the environment with passenger safety and welcomed Johnson’s review.

“Last year we recorded over 400 incidents of trains colliding with fallen trees and another 1,000 where they caused delays to services, costing the industry over £100m. As a result, we have well thought-out standards and policies in place that have been developed over many years with the help of experts that we believe strike the right balance and maintains a safe and biodiverse line side.

“Most of the time when putting those standards and policies into action we get it right, but sometimes we don’t.”

Sara Lom, chief executive of the Tree Council, which works closely with Network Rail, has not seen the new policy document. She said: “We are Network Rail’s critical friend. When things go wrong, as they sometimes do, we tell them.”

She said the charity was carrying out trials with the company this autumn to look at different ways to manage vegetation apart from tree felling. “Alternatives to removal could be coppicing or pollarding or hedging,” she said. “That is better for wildlife, and better for people in the local community.”

https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2018/may/09/revealed-network-rails-new-800m-scheme-to-remove-all-leaf-fall-trees?CMP=share_btn_fb